. t. e. The Quran, the holy book of Islam, contains verses believed by Muslims to be revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad at different times and under different circumstances – some exhorting violence against enemies and others urging restraint and conciliation.  However, in May 2018, the Pakistani parliament passed a bill giving transgender individuals the right to choose their identity and correct their official documents, such as ID cards, driver license, and passports. Same-sex relations between females are legal in Kuwait, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, but homosexual acts between males are illegal. And We rained upon them a rain; consider then what was the end of the guilty. , In Kecia Ali's book, she cites that "contemporary scholars disagree sharply about the Qur'anic perspective on same-sex intimacy." , Same-sex sexual activity is illegal in Chad since 1 August 2017 under a new penal code. Salaam is the first gay Muslim group in Canada and second in the world. '", Other hadiths seem to permit homoerotic feelings as long as they are not translated into action. Attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people and their experiences in the Muslim world have been influenced by its religious, legal, social, political, and cultural history. ", The Al-Fatiha Foundation was an organization which tried to advance the cause of gay, lesbian, and transgender Muslims. Discrimination starts from their own family members when trans women are forced to leave their house. , From Abu Musa al-Ash'ari, the Prophet (p.b.u.h) states that: "If a woman comes upon a woman, they are both adulteresses, if a man Klauda, Georg (English translation by Angelus Novus). It was founded in October 2001 by Muslim LBT women. Faisal Kutty, a professor of Islamic law at Indiana-based Valparaiso University Law School and Toronto-based Osgoode Hall Law School, commented on the contemporary same-sex marriage debate in a 27 March 2014, essay in the Huffington Post.  The 1860 Indian Penal Code, which included an anti-sodomy statute, was used as a basis of penal laws in other parts of the empire. This just goes to show (yet again) that it isn’t our faith that rejects people or discriminates against them, it is the “followers” of that faith who take matters into their own hands to enforce their own rules and laws on people. ", Some Islamic & Western scholars argue that in the course of the Quranic Lot story, homosexuality in the modern sense is not addressed, but that the destruction of the "people of Lot" was a result of breaking the ancient hospitality law and sexual violence, in this case the attempted rape of men. Kutty, who teaches comparative law and legal reasoning, also wrote that many Islamic scholars have "even argued that homosexual tendencies themselves were not haram [prohibited] but had to be suppressed for the public good". Why do people transgress the limits of Allah, especially when they know those limits? ): to transgress bounds of prudence. , Liwat can therefore be regarded as "temptation", and anal intercourse is not seen as repulsively unnatural so much as dangerously attractive.  Previously, transgender people were isolated from society and had no legal rights or protections. Just because people can’t legally discriminate against transgender people doesn’t mean that they don’t and it certainly doesn’t mean that society understands the complexity of what it means to be transgender. One the basis of this reading of the Qur'an, Kugle asserts that homosexuality is "caused by divine will," so "homosexuals have no rational choice in their internal disposition to be attracted to same-sex mates. Islam is a complete lifestyle. Al-Ghurbaah Foundation also runs an inclusive mosque called Masjidul Ghurbaah which is open to anyone who wants to connect spiritually regardless of sexual orientation, gender identity, religion or belief. 2. spread over land, especially along a subsiding shoreline. The Quran and the Hadith, properly and unbiasedly understood, provide the basic source of authentication for any position or view which is attributed to Islam. ":xvi, 103, Regarding homosexuality, Ali, says that the belief that "exclusively homosexual desire is innate in some individuals" has been adopted "even among some relatively conservative Western Muslim thinkers. The medical term ubnah qualified the pathological desire of a male to exclusively be on the receiving end of anal intercourse. to pass over or go beyond (a limit, boundary, etc. After the defeat of Vlad, Mehmed placed Radu on the throne of Wallachia as a vassal ruler. For her, it has been the complete opposite experience.  Deep shame attaches to the passive partner. I have a lad who is like the beautiful lads of paradise, Jurists of the Hanafi school took up the question seriously, considering, but ultimately rejecting the suggestion that homosexual pleasures were, like wine, forbidden in this world but enjoyed in the afterlife. , In Bangladesh, homosexual acts are illegal and punishable according to section 377. :100, In an article "Same-sex Sexual Activity and Lesbian and Bisexual Women" Ali elaborates on homosexuality as an aspect of medieval Muslim culture. Few literary works displayed hostility towards non-heterosexuality, apart from partisan statements and debates about types of love (which also occurred in heterosexual contexts). The law is also set to impose the same punishment for adultery among heterosexual couples. The experience humbled and softened her and she is grateful to Islam and Allah for giving her the strength and happiness to live her life as a woman.  Since women do not possess a phallus and cannot have intercourse with one another, they are, in this interpretation, physically incapable of committing zinā. should we not kill him? Although the tafsir literature does not interpret this as a homoerotic allusion, the connection was made in other literary genres, mostly humorously. , "Homosexuality was a key symbolic issue throughout the Middle Ages in [Islamic] Iberia. , European travellers remarked on the taste that Shah Abbas of Iran (1588-1629) had for wine and festivities, but also for attractive pages and cup-bearers. , Abdessamad Dialmy in his 2010 article, "Sexuality and Islam," addressed "sexual norms defined by the sacred texts (Koran and Sunna)."  Same-sex sexual intercourse is legal in Albania, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Djibouti, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon,[note 2] Mali, Niger, Tajikistan, Turkey, most of Indonesia[note 3], the West Bank (State of Palestine), and Northern Cyprus. In these circumstances, permission is given to fight back -- but even then Muslims are instructed not to transgress limits and to cease fighting as soon as the attacker gives up. 1. [instagram-feed num=9 cols=3 showheader=false headersize=small showfollow=true followtext=”Follow” showbutton=false ]. Several anti-LGBT incidents have occurred: The coming together of "human rights discourses and sexual orientation struggles" has resulted in an abundance of "social movements and organizations concerned with gender and sexual minority oppression and discrimination. Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors The Clear Quran, Dr. Mustafa Khattab Fight in the cause of Allah ˹only˺ against those who wage war against you, but do not exceed the limits.  Al-Fatiha had fourteen chapters in the United States, as well as offices in England, Canada, Spain, Turkey, and South Africa. , Aisha says: Amukhannath used to enter upon the wives of Prophet. It "respects diversity in physical appearance, constitution, stature, and color of human beings as a natural consequence of Divine wisdom in creation." , In Turkey, homosexuality is legal, but "official censure can be fierce". It is difficult to appreciate the different aspects of the Islamic policy with- out fully understanding these three principles.  Poets used it to illustrate the power of love, pointing to Mahmud as an example of a man who becomes "a slave to his slave", while Malik Ayaz served as an example of the ideal beloved, and a model for purity in Sufi literature. , In 2013, the Pew Research Center conducted a study on the global acceptance of homosexuality and found a widespread rejection of homosexuality in many nations that are predominantly Muslim. Thus, homosexuality can be seen as part of the "natural diversity in sexuality in human societies." To go beyond or over (a limit or boundary); exceed or overstep: "to make sure that her characters didn't transgress the parameters of ordinariness" (Ron Rosenbaum). , El-Rouayheb suggests that even though religious scholars considered sodomy as an abhorrent sin, most of them did not genuinely believe that it was illicit to merely fall in love with a boy or expressing this love via poetry. The Prophet said: Do I not see that this one knows what here lies. , While friendship between men and boys is often described in sexual ways in classical Islamic literature, Khaled El-Rouayheb and Oliver Leaman have argued that it would be misleading to conclude from this that homosexuality was widespread in practice. Another scholar argues that "the Qur'an does not address homosexuality or homosexuals explicitly." This transgression is the act of slaying innocent humans as sacrifice and terrorizing the masses to get the message across.  In Egypt, though homosexuality is not explicitly criminalized, it has been widely prosecuted under vaguely formulated "morality" laws, and under the current rule of Abdel Fattah el-Sisi arrests of LGBT individuals have risen fivefold, apparently reflecting an effort to appeal to conservatives. Similar sexual sociologies are reported for other Muslim societies from North Africa to Pakistan and the Far East. In November 2012, a prayer room was set up in Paris by gay Islamic scholar and founder of the group 'Homosexual Muslims of France'.  Several persons who attended the party were detained and eventually six Moroccan men were sentenced to between four and ten months in prison for "homosexuality"..  A number of pre-modern texts discuss the possibility of sexual exploitation faced by young boys in educational institutions and warn teachers to take precautions against it. In fact, the idea of a man or a woman identifying as a member of the opposite gender is more likely to be accepted than a man or woman expressing sexual desires for someone of the same gender. To support themselves financially, the only option often open to trans women is sex work, which is not safe for them either. ", "Povećan broj slučajeva kršenja ljudskih prava LGBTI osoba - BUKA Magazin", "Norwegian Embassy supports Sarajevo Open Centre's Pink Report", "What It's Like To Pray At A Queer-Inclusive Mosque", "Queer and going to the mosque: 'I've never felt more Muslim than I do now, "Islamic scholars experience diversity of Muslim practices at U of T summer program", "Affirming mosques help gay Muslims reconcile faith, sexuality", "Over 100 LGBTI people won in yesterday's US midterm elections", "21 LGBT Muslims Who Are Changing the World", "Same-sex Sexual Activity and Lesbian and Bisexual Women", "A Jihad For Love - A Film by Parvez Sharma", https://filmthreat.com/reviews/breaking-fast/, https://www.metroweekly.com/2020/06/film-review-breaking-fast-is-an-engaging-gay-rom-com/, "In 'A Sinner in Mecca,' a Gay Director Ponders His Sexuality and Islamic Faith", "About UPF - UPF (Unity Productions Foundation)", "BBC3 'Free Speech' 'Can you be Gay and Muslim?'  The debates of classical jurists are "to a large extent theoretical, since homosexual relations have always been tolerated" in pre-modern Islamic societies. The Quran narrates the story of the "people of Lot" destroyed by the wrath of God because the men engaged in lustful carnal acts between themselves. . Due to the traditional mentality of the predominantly conservative Bangladeshi society, negative attitudes towards those in the LGBT community are high.  Scott Siraj al-Haqq Kugle has argued that, while "Muslims commemorate the early days of Islam when they were oppressed as a marginalized few," many of them now forget their history and fail to protect "Muslims who are gay, transgender and lesbian. " The journalist who first reported on the subject has gone into hiding, There have been calls for reprisals for journalists reporting on the situation. , In Indonesia, most parts of the country do not have a sodomy law and do not currently criminalize private, non-commercial homosexual acts among consenting adults, except in Aceh province and for Muslims in Palembang, the capital of South Sumatra province, where homosexuality is illegal for Muslims under Islamic Sharia law, and punishable by flogging. Many young adults who come out to their parents are often forced out of the house to find refuge in a more accepting place. ): to transgress the bounds of prudence. Gay Rights Protection Resolution Passes, Hailed As 'Historic Moment, "UN issues first report on human rights of gay and lesbian people", "Muslim attitudes about LBGT are complex", "LGBT people 'being made homeless due to religion, "The Arab world in seven charts: Are Arabs turning their backs on religion? Originally, when hearing that Skye-Heather felt such solace in Islam, I was shocked. The literal meaning of word ‘Islam’ is “Peace“, therefore a religion that has such a name is natural to be more close to moderation than extremism.Muslims need to know the true preaching of Prophet (PBUH) and the message of Allah to understand that Islam is moderation and harmony in every aspect of life with no extremism or rigidness. So establish weight with justice and fall not short in the balance.” They further argue that the notion of liwat is compatible with the Quranic narrative, but not with the contemporary understanding of same-sex relationships based on love and shared responsibilities. Because of this threat and their conservative familial backgrounds, many Al-Fatiha members chose anonymity to protect their identity.  Greek homoerotic motifs may have accurately described pederastic practices in ancient Greece, but in their Islamic adaptations they tended to play a satirical or metaphorical rather than descriptive role. , It was narrated that Ibn 'Abbaas said: "The Prophet said: "... cursed is the one who does the action of the people of Lot.". Now, she says she has to flee Russia", "Reports Of New, Terrifying 'Gay Concentration Camps' Where Men Are Getting Tortured And Murdered", "Journalists fear reprisals for exposing purge of gay men in Chechnya", "Russian LGBT Network evacuating 'at risk' people from Chechnya", "Pleas for help from gay men in Chechnya on rise, Russian group says", "Russia Urged to End Torture, Killing of Gays in Chechnya", "Reports: several gay men and women detained in Chechnya", "Chechnya has reportedly launched a new 'gay purge, "Chechnya launches new gay 'purge', reports say", "New wave of persecution against LGBT people in Chechnya: around 40 people detained, at least two killed", "Activists Say 40 Detained And 2 Dead In Gay Purge In Chechnya", "Muslims posted 'nasty and frightening' anti-gay leaflets demanding homosexuals 'turn or burn, "Man pleads guilty to arson at Seattle gay nightclub", "Across Europe, gay refugees facing abuse in asylum shelters", "Editor of Bangladesh Gay Magazine Hacked to Death in His Home", "Orlando nightclub shooting: 50 killed in shooting rampage at gay club; gunman pledged allegiance to ISIS", "Before Orlando Shooting, an Anti-Gay Massacre in New Orleans Was Largely Forgotten", "In the modern history of mass shootings in America, Orlando is the deadliest", "Putting 'Deadliest Mass Shooting In U.S. History' Into Some Historical Context", "Orlando Gunman Was 'Cool and Calm' After Massacre, Police Say", "Orlando Gay Nightclub Massacre a Hate Crime and Act of Terror, FBI Says", "Last Call at Pulse Nightclub, and Then Shots Rang Out", "Investigators Say Orlando Shooter Showed Few Warning Signs Of Radicalization", "This Is How World Leaders Are Reacting To The Orlando Gay Nightclub Shooting", "Algeria: Orlando Mass Shooting, a 'Barbaric Crime,' Says President Bouteflika", "Foreign Ministry of Bahrain gives condolences on Orlando shooting", "Présidence de la République de Djibouti", "State Information Services Egypt strongly condemns Orlando shooting". ":54 Kugle furthermore reads the Qur'an as holding "a positive assessment of diversity."  Klauda states that "Countless writers and artists such as André Gide, Oscar Wilde, Edward M. Forster, and Jean Genet made pilgrimages in the 19th and 20th centuries from homophobic Europe to Algeria, Morocco, Egypt, and various other Arab countries, where homosexual sex was not only met without any discrimination or subcultural ghettoization whatsoever, but rather, additionally as a result of rigid segregation of the sexes, seemed to be available on every corner.  The Abbasid ruler Al-Amin (809–813) was said to have required slave women to be dressed in masculine clothing so he could be persuaded to have sex with them, and a broader fashion for ghulamiyyat (boy-like girls) is reflected in literature of the period.  The same was said of Andalusian caliph al-Hakam II (915–976). , Only one passage in the Quran prescribes a strictly legal position. 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